STEM CELL 101
An overview of stem cells and how they can heal your body.
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Generation Stem Cell providers perform stem cell therapies that have not yet been approved by the FDA. Consult with your primary care provider prior to undergoing any stem cell therapy.
WHAT IS A STEM CELL?
Stem cells are special cells in our body that can replicate and differentiate – meaning they can transform into any type of cell found in your body including but not limited to ligament, tendon, cartilage or muscle tissues. They seek out areas of injury, disease and destruction where they are capable of regenerating new, healthy cells which is why we use them in regenerative medicine to accelerate the natural healing process. Stem cells have been especially effective in healing degenerative joint conditions.
TYPES OF STEM CELLS AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE THERAPIES:
Generations Stem Cell clinics use autologous adipose derived mesenchymal (adult) stem cells (MSC’s) as our foundational stem cell acquisition procedure. “Autologous” refers to using your own stem cells as opposed to another human’s. “Adipose Derived” means we are extracting the stem cells from fatty tissue where high densities of stem cells are found.
However, not all patients have adequate quality or quantity of stem cells available in their adipose tissue. The number of stem cells found in each patient is unique and can be impacted by several factors including age and health history. To determine if a patient’s own (autologous) stem cells will yield high enough densities to achieve the desired results, Generation Stem Cell clinics use on-site hemocytometer cell counters to quickly understand the viability of an adipose extraction.
If adipose stem cell counts are low, we may supplement your own stem cells with homologous live cell umbilical cord derived stem cells. These are often referred to as “allogenic-cells.” These are healthy, viable stem cells from another human’s body who has willingly supplied their cord blood. All our homologous cells are properly processed from the American Tissue Bank under stringent FDA protocols to assure quality control and ensure they have been retrieved ethically.
TYPES OF STEM CELLS
Autologous Adipose Derived Stem Cells*
Autologous refers to the cells coming from your own body. “Adipose” means they are derived from fatty tissue. Well vascularized fatty tissue contains high densities of adult stem cells. This is arguably the richest source of stem cells that can be extracted with the minimal amount of trauma to attain the cells.
A minimally traumatic, mini lipo-suction procedure is used to extract 4-8 ounces of adipose tissue. A proprietary processing procedure is utilized to both mechanically and enzymatically separate out the stromal vascular fraction (SVF). This is a fluid that now contains 5-50,000,000 adult stem cells, growth factors, electrolytes, carbohydrates, proteins, endothelial cells, and cytokines.
Adipose tissue, by its very nature, is metabolically slow and therefore some scientists suggest that stem cells derived from adipose tissue will be biologically younger than the host that they are extracted from. This adds to their effectiveness in reversing the aging processes within the human body. Generation stem cell clinics do use the cells.
Homologous Umbilical Cord Stem Cells*
Homologous refers to the cells coming from another human’s body. These are stem cells derived and collected from donated umbilical cord tissue and blood of live healthy birthed babies. Babies have higher stem cell counts than adults, which is why this tissue and blood is so valuable in regenerative medicine.
In most cases utilizing your own adipose stem cells is ideal. In some circumstances, Generation Stem Cell clinics will consider the supplemental use or the exclusive use of live umbilical cord stem cells when the degenerative processes or the inflammatory processes are extensive.
This human tissue is delivered to the American Tissue Bank, processed under the most stringent regulations as controlled by the FDA, and then purchased by Generation Stem Cell clinics in aliquots of 30+ million cells. The cells are stored at -86°C, reconstituted in room temperature and then deployed into the recipient in less than 20 minutes of thawing out. These are live active stem cells, which begin their anti-inflammatory functions, cellular division into more stem cells, cellular division into the damaged tissues immediately upon deployment into the recipient.
Generation stem cell clinics do use these cells.
Platelet Enriched Plasma (PRP)*
Plasma is the liquid component of blood, in which the red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets are suspended. It constitutes more than half of the blood’s volume and consists mostly of water that contains dissolved salts (electrolytes) and proteins. There are few, to no, stem cells in the PRP fluid, however platelet enriched plasma has been used for many years throughout the United States in the treatment of inflammatory pain.
PRP treatments require a simple blood draw. The scientific literature around PRP has proven to be about 50% effective and should be considered a temporary management, but not a cure, as it is not regenerative in nature.
Generation Stem Cell clinics do use PRP procedures in some isolated cases.
Bone Marrow Derived Stem Cells
Deep within the central skeleton, such as the pelvis, sternum, cranium, ribs, vertebrae and scapulae, red bone marrow is rich with stem cells specifically hemopoietic (blood-making) cells. Bone marrow derived stem cells are essential in the treatment of blood diseases and have been used throughout the United States for many years.
However, any invasive procedure especially when massive amounts of local or general anesthesia is required, will sacrifice quality and quantity of the stem cells. By the very nature of the bone marrow stem cells physical location, trauma cannot be avoided in the process their extraction therefore full and complete recovery of the extraction site should be obtained prior to any autologous (same person) deployment to avoid great risk of losing many millions of the cells to healing the extraction site. For this reason, Generation Stem Cell clinics feel that bone marrow derived stem cells are best utilized for homologous use.
Generation stem cell clinics do not use bone marrow cells in their treatment protocols.
Amniotic Stem Cell
Amniotic fluid is the fluid that a child is surrounded by in the mother’s womb and is collected upon birth. This fluid has no living cells, can be stored at room temperature and contains high quantities of human growth factor. It has been found to bring relief in arthritic/orthopedic inflammatory conditions, although temporary. The amniotic fluid injections should be considered a temporary management but not a cure.
Generation Stem Cell clinics do use these fluids in their treatment protocols.
Embryonic Stem Cells
These are stem cells derived from aborted fetuses and unborn human children. These type of stem cells are illegal in all 50 states with the exception of some laboratory settings. There is a lot of controversy surrounding embryonic stems cells.
Generation Stem Cell clinics do not use these fluids in their treatment protocols.
*Type of stem cells used by Generation Stem Cell
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